Stating that cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer in women under 45 years in the world, Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Prof. Dr. Orhan Ünal said that men as well as women should have HPV vaccine in order to be protected from this cancer.
Stating that Cervical Cancer is the second most common type of cancer among women under 45 years of age throughout the world, Yeditepe University Koşuyolu Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Prof. Dr. Orhan Ünal gave important information. According to the most recent statistics, cervical cancer is the most common cancer in incidence between Turkey and he stated that it was ranked 12th. Prof. Dr. Orhan Ünal continued his words as follows: “500 thousand cases are reported every year. For this reason, loss of life rates can be very high. Scanning is very important here. The reason for the decrease in cases in some countries is the gradual increase in screening. What is desired by screening is vaginal smear test and determination of HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) types that cause cancer, colposcopic examination and biopsy, if necessary, to detect pre-cancerous lesions that may occur years later. "
Drawing attention to the importance of HPV vaccine to prevent cervical cancer, Prof. Dr. Orhan Ünal stated the following, “Vaccination can be done from 9 to 26 years old. It is recommended as 9 doses between the ages of 11-2 and 12 doses (26 months and 3 months apart) between the ages of 2-6. If we look at the types of these vaccines, there are vaccines against 2 (HPV 16,18) and 4 (HPV 6,11,16,18) types. The double vaccine is applied against the most cancer-causing type of HPV. Cancer rates are lower in low-risk types. Even if vaccinated, cervical cancer screening should continue. Just as people continue to mask and distance despite the COVID-19 vaccine, scans should continue in the same way after the HPV vaccine. Because when vaccinated, other types of HPV cannot be prevented from causing the disease".
Explaining that the HPV vaccine should be administered not only to women but also to men, Prof. Dr. Ünal made the following warnings:
“There are also warts that are affected by HPV 6,11 types transmitted by sexual contact. These are among the common ailments. Therefore, we apply the 4-shot vaccine in these. The number of types that cause cervical cancer or what we call carcinogenic are high. There was also a nine-shot vaccine that was effective on all 9 types of HPV. However, this vaccine has not yet come to Turkey. For this reason, we recommend that the 4-shot vaccine be given at an early age. Because it can take up to 5 years for the body to form antibodies. Therefore, early vaccination ensures the development of antibodies before sexual life begins at an early age. This vaccine can be administered up to the age of 45, but the period when the most antibodies will form is early ages. HPV vaccine should also be given to men. Especially in Australia, these vaccines are applied as a government policy. Because the disease can also be transmitted from men. In fact, it is possible to encounter head and neck cancers in men who get this virus. Conditions such as polygamy, starting sexual life at an early age, giving birth too much, using birth control pills for a long time, and smoking are among the risk-increasing causes of cancer. As a result, men should also be vaccinated in order not to be exposed to the sad consequences of this virus and to infect women. "
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